Contracts and working conditions

Contract with a recruitment company?

There has been instances where doctors educated in other EU/EEA-member states have signed an agreement not only with the employer but with a recruitment company stating that the doctor has to pay several percent of the gross salary to the recruitment company over many years. It is our strongest recommendation to never sign such a contract. If you have been in contact with such a company please let us know by calling +46 8-790 35 10 or by mail

Employment contract

When you have been accepted and have reached an agreement with the employer about important terms and conditions, such as salary, employment conditions and start date, you are then considered officially employed. To avoid any ambiguities about what the position entails, the contract should be in writing. You must not accept a position before your salary has been negotiated or commence work before the employment conditions have been laid down. 

The employment contract normally covers such employment terms and conditions as work obligations, working hours, holidays, sickness and leave benefits, insurance and pension benefits and emergency standby and on-call compensation. These conditions are often governed by a collective agreement and may be formulated slightly differently by different employers; either way, they should be stated clearly in your employment contract.

Employment protection

The Security of Employment Act (lag om anställningsskydd) embodies regulations that protect you in your professional role. The Act applies in principle to all employers in the public and private sectors. The main rule in the Act is that a period of employment is considered permanent unless otherwise agreed. Agreements can be signed on different forms of temporary employment, both short- and long-term. A permanent employment contract may only be terminated by the employer on well-founded reasons and with a certain period of notice. Well founded reasons can be either personal or due to lack of work. The period of notice also applies if you wish to resign. If you are on a temporary contract, instead of being formally dismissed, your period of employment ceases when the agreement expires.

As a member of the SMA, you are entitled to contact us if you wish to discuss your salary and other employment conditions, or are having problems with your job or your contract. The SMA has also produced a leaflet called ”Din lön” (Your salary), in which you can read more about these issues (only in Swedish).

Your salary

Your salary will primarily be decided in negotiations between you and the person in charge of salaries, and is based on your position, responsibilities, competence, background and the current market situation. This system of individual and differentiated salaries means that salary levels differ considerably from one person to another.

It is particularly important to negotiate your salary whenever you are start a new job. This applies at the start of your professional career as well as during it whenever you change position or employer. Your salary will also be influenced on other occasions during your career, for example when you improve your level of competence or areas of responsibility, or at a local salary review. The Swedish Medical Association and the local medical associations have here a support and advisory function for their members, providing help in the form of salary statistics and practical advice. It is always advisable, therefore, to contact your local medical association before negotiating your salary.

Senast uppdaterad 2015-09-01
Swedish Medical Association:

Phone: +46 8 790 33 00